media have in 1775? >> well, there is the small newspapers who i am sure were important. but so much happened in places the did not have newspapers that i have the feeling that the revolution didn't need newspapers to have. but when you jump and you say you include books and you would include church sermons, i suppose it church sermon was a medium. very, very important. thomas paine and "common sense," a book, that was important. it sold 100,000. can you imagine what it would be like today to sell the equivalent in the population in this country of some political tract? the impact would be enormous if you have it expanded by what 100 times what he sold. so, yes, the media was powerful then, but not in the sense that we think of media. >> author of his 15th book, "1775, a big year for revolution."